Modern landscaping relies on several factors. Since the mid-1800s, there has been a school of thought that believes that buildings and gardens constitute a whole. There is an integrated relationship between architecture and landscaping. In Dulles, Virginia, modern commercial landscape builders understand this thinking. Urban planners see a green area or a small park as part of the cityscape. The reverse is also true. It is easier to see gardens as part of a building facade.
Architects nowadays include environmental awareness in their building designs. It should not be a surprise that construction projects now include more green spaces around buildings. Green spaces provide visitors and pedestrians with shade from the sun and benches to rest. Although not as large as parks, these gardens frame the office building. Urban planners would pay more attention to the gardens rather than the interior of the building. The gardens are not meant to supplement the building; instead, it is a necessary part of the office block. They are considered as a whole. This stems from the belief that landscapes and culture are part of one another. This relationship runs a broad spectrum with more buildings and less green areas in the city and vice versa in rural areas.
Although it has taken long to realize, the integration of buildings and trees is not a result of environmental pressures. It is a natural progression, which moves architectural thinking away from a stand-alone art. It encompasses trees and plants in the initial design. Traditional architecture is about closed spaces, while landscaping deals with plants and trees. The merged discipline simplifies the creative process.
Modern landscaping is no longer an isolated discipline. It takes into account the environment, the cityscape, and the areas around a building. It is designed as part of the building. The main purpose of landscaping is for the building’s closed spaces and open spaces to complement each other.