What is the Role of Pediatricians in Your Child’s Life?

baby smiling with the pediatrician

As a parent, you know that your child needs to see a doctor, especially when they’re sick. However, there are two options. You can either choose to go to a family doctor or a pediatrician in Spanish Fork. General pediatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the care of infants, children, and adolescents.

What is a pediatrician and what can they do for your child?

Pediatricians are medical doctors who manage the behavior, physical, and mental health issues of children. Diagnosing and treating childhood illnesses, from minor to major health problems, are their specialty. Whenever your child is sick, they are the first person you should call.

Your child and his pediatrician will see each other a lot, from birth until age two. Your child will still have to regularly visit his doctor once a year from age two until five years old for well-child visits. It’s also likely that your pediatrician will continue to see your child for annual checkups after his fifth birthday.

Here’s what you can expect during your visit to a pediatric clinic. Your pediatrician will

  • Perform physical exams
  • Administer vaccinations on your child
  • Make sure that your child meets every milestone in behavior, growth, and skills
  • Diagnose and treat your child’s infections, illnesses, injuries, and other health issues
  • Give you as much information about your child’s nutrition, health, safety, and fitness needs
  • Answer all your questions regarding your child’s growth
  • Refer you to specialists if the need arises

Common Conditions Treated by Pediatricians

Pediatrics aims to reduce the death rates among infants and children, promote and encourage living a healthy lifestyle, control and manage the spread of infectious diseases, and ease the problems of children and adolescents who suffer from chronic conditions.

Pediatricians diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions among children. Such conditions include:

  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Congenital and genetic conditions
  • Organ dysfunctions and diseases
  • Cancers

Pediatrics is a well-rounded branch of medicine, as it is not just centered on the immediate treatment and management of an ill child. It also focuses on the long-term effects on quality of life, as well as survival and disability. Pediatricians are also involved in the early detection, prevention, and management of health problems, such as :

  • Behavioral issues
  • Developmental disorders and delays
  • Functional impairments
  • Mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders and depression
  • Social stresses

pediatrician performing a vaccination

Procedural Expertise

Pediatricians are trained and authorized to perform the following.

  • Vaccine administration
  • Dislocated elbows or shoulders treatment
  • Minor injury treatment
  • Foreign body removal like splinters
  • Perform circumcisions
  • Splint broken bones

Subspecialties of Pediatrics

There are various types of pediatricians. For example, general pediatricians practice primary care, such as taking care of the general needs of the children. There are also those who chose to specialize in certain areas of pediatrics, such as:

  • Adolescent medicine
  • Pediatric Cardiology
  • Child abuse pediatrics
  • Pediatric critical care medicine
  • Developmental-behavior pediatrics
  • Pediatric Endocrinology
  • Pediatric emergency medicine
  • Pediatric hematology-oncology
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology
  • Pediatric infectious diseases
  • Pediatric hospital medicine
  • Pediatric Nephrology
  • Neonatal-perinatal medicine
  • Pediatric Rheumatology
  • Pediatric Pulmonology

Nobody said that you couldn’t bring your child to your family doctor. They are trained to care for the whole family, after all. However, pediatricians have more specialized skills when it comes to caring for very young children.